Alcohol and drugs in Nordic Homicide Report

Nordic Homicide Report compares the trends and patterns of lethal violence in from 2007 to 2016, in five Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The report is a product of the “Nordic Homicide from Past to Present” research project, funded
by the Scandinavian Research Council for criminology.

The report explains also the role of alcohol and drug use in connection with homicides, which was missing only for victims of homicide in Denmark.

“The percentage of intoxicated offenders was the highest in Finland (77%), and the lowest in Norway (19%). In this respect, Norway was the outlier in the group. In Denmark 41 per cent, in Sweden 50 per cent, and in Iceland 66 per cent of offenders had perpetrated their crime while under the influence of alcohol or alcohol and other drugs. For adult victims, corresponding percentages were 66 per cent in Finland, 51 per cent in Iceland, 42 per cent in Sweden, and in Norway, 22 per cent.”

“If alcohol had an exceptionally insignificant role in homicides in Norway, in Finland the role was the most prominent. Compared to Iceland and Sweden, the countries with the second and third largest percentages of intoxicated offenders and adult victims, Finland´s rate of alcohol-related homicides was 3.5-fold.”

“Alcohol was not the only drug that appeared often in connection of Nordic homicides. In Iceland, 42 per cent of offenders had perpetrated their crime while under the influence of other drugs (although often mixed with alcohol). In Finland (19%), Sweden (21%), Denmark (25%), and Norway (28%) the percentage was lower but substantial. For adult victims the corresponding percentage was in Iceland 30 per cent, Sweden 13 per cent, Finland 19 per cent, and Norway 23 per cent.”

Full REPORT (University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy)