Lithuania

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Alcohol consumption drops in Lithuania

Statistics Lithuania informs that in 2017, based on provisional data, absolute (100 per cent) alcohol consumption per resident aged 15 and older amounted to 12.3 litres (by 0.9 litres less than in 2016).

In 2017, country’s retail trade and catering enterprises sold 3.1 million dekalitres of spirits (vodka, whisky, brandy and the like), which is by 358 thousand dekalitres (10.5 per cent) less than in 2016, and 4.2 million dekalitres of wine and fermented beverages, which is by 947 thousand dekalitres (18.4 per cent) less than in 2016. Just as every year, the bulk of sales fell within beer – 23.2 million dekalitres, or by 2.1 million dekalitres (8.2 per cent) less than in 2016.

In 2017, against 2016, retail prices of alcoholic beverages grew by 11.7 per cent, with the largest increase observed in prices of fruit wine – 53.5, beer produced in Lithuania – 27.5, imported beer – 17.2, bitter – 14.5, vodka produced in Lithuania – 12.6 per cent. The growth in prices of alcoholic beverages was conditioned by a higher excise duty applied since 1 March 2017. In 2017, 1.03 million dekalitres of spirits, expressed in terms of absolute (100 per cent.) alcohol, were produced in Lithuania. Against 2016, their production decreased by 5 per cent. In 2017, production of fermented beverages amounted to 5.5 million dekalitres, which is by 2.3 per cent more than in 2016.

Consequences of alcohol consumption
According to the data of the Institute of Hygiene, based on the Compulsory Health Insurance Fund Information System, in 2017, 25.7 thousand persons were diagnosed with at least one disease directly linked to alcohol consumption, or 907.6 persons per 100 thousand population. The most frequent diagnoses were alcoholic dependence (623.2 cases per 100 thousand population), toxic effect of alcohol (179.2 cases per 100 thousand population), and alcoholic psychosis (105.1 cases per 100 thousand population). Against 2016, prevalence of alcoholic psychoses decreased by 15.7 per cent, prevalence of alcoholic dependence decreased by 5.4 per cent. The prevalence of diseases directly linked to alcohol consumption is the highest among men aged 35–39, which exceeds that among women more than 3 times. The highest prevalence for rural residents is observed in the 35–39 age group; for urban residents, the peak of prevalence is reached later – at the age of 45–49. According to the data of the Institute of Hygiene, in 2017, 576 persons died from diseases directly linked to alcohol consumption, which is by 94 less than in 2016. The most frequent alcohol-related diseases were alcoholic liver disease (42.5 per cent), accidental poisoning by and exposure to alcohol (33.5 per cent) and alcoholic cardiomyopathy (12.5 per cent).

Data provided by the Institute of Hygiene Deaths per 100 thousand population In 2017, male mortality due to diseases directly linked to alcohol consumption was 4.6 times as large as female. In 2017, the number of deaths due to alcohol consumption per 100 thousand urban population amounted to 19.6 (in 2016, 22.8), per 100 thousand rural population – to 21.9 (in 2016, 24.5).

According to the data of the Police Department, in 2017, each tenth road traffic accident was caused by a drunk person: 333 road traffic accidents through the fault of drunk persons were registered, with 43 persons killed and 518 injured. In 2017, 18 persons were killed and 297 – injured in road traffic accidents caused by drunk drivers. In 2017, against 2016, the number of road traffic accidents caused by drunk persons decreased by 24.8, of those caused by drunk drivers – decreased by 21.5 per cent. According to the data of the State Labour Inspectorate, in 2017, 29 intoxicated persons suffered from accidents at work (in 2016, 32); 5 of them died (in 2016, 9). Moreover, 2 intoxicated persons suffered on the way to or from work (in 2016, 6). According to the data of the Child Rights Protection and Adoption Service, at the end of 2017, 3.9 thousand drinking families at social risk raising children were on the record of municipal child rights protection services (branches) (by 0.2 thousand, or 4.9 per cent, less than in 2016), with 7.1 thousand children raised in them. Over the year, the number of children raised in such families decreased by 0.5 thousand (6.6 per cent).

Source: Statistics Lithuania

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